Biotechnology shows its technical advantages and new development prospects in breeding of new medicinal plants varieties with high and stable yield, good quality, as well as stress-resistance. The isolation of specific promoter elements has also helped design crops that express proteins in specific tissues. Genetic engineering has proved to be a boon for producing pest-resistant plants. Novel genes for nematode resistance offer an alternative approach to the production of nematode-resistant plants. The neutraceuticals include all ‘designer’ foods from the vitamin-enriched breakfast cereals to Benecol, a margarine spread that actually lowers LDL cholesterol. The regulatory sequences of some of the genes have also been identified. Weeds may rapidly develop multiple herbicide resistance in some systems when several classes of herbicide act on the same molecular target. An unlimited number of haploid plants can be produced within short time; success has been achieved in barley, rice, wheat, potato, tomato, etc. (b) Direct or physical transfer method is commonly used in case of cereals as these are naturally reluctant to Agrobacterium infection. Cytoplasmic male sterility in these plant species is basically associated with the reorganisation of mitochondrial DNA and the synthesis of novel polypeptides. This will help to transfer some useful characters like disease resistance, salt tolerance, drought tolerance, etc. Such technology may be used to modify the expression of genes already present in the plants, or to introduce new genes of other species with which the plant cannot be bred conventionally. Transformation can be applied to fruits and vegetables to improve their flavour and texture by manipulating their maturing process. Transgenic plants may be developed to produce antigenic proteins or other molecules. In-vitro regeneration holds tremendous potential for the production of … Molecular markers can be used to assist establishment of pure breeding lines and check contamination of breeding. One of the significant applications of such techniques lies in adding single genes to desirable plant types. Embryo rescue or embryo culture is with the objective to rescue the embryo which aborts at an early stage of development, i.e., no mature seed can be obtained. This, in turn, helps in increasing the crop yield. Seed crops play an important role in human and animal nutrition. Production of Transgenic Plants. Prohibited Content 3. The alternative is to provide a natural source of nitrogen within the plant. Plant productivity suffers major losses due to various forms of stress during the course of their development. The directed desirable gene transfer from one organism to another and the subse­quent stable integration and expression of foreign gene into the genome is referred as genetic transformation. Many transgenic plants bearing the desirable traits have already been released as variety. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. The process of photosynthesis is the most significant mechanism for adding energy to the plants. • Food biotechnology is the application of technology to modify genes of animals, plants, and microorganisms to create new species which have desired production, marketing, or nutrition related properties. 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