For if after they — Who are thus ensnared. the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ — solemnly expressing in full the great and gracious One from whom they fall. through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus In favour of this view may be urged the term ἀποφυγόντες, which seems to refer back to the ἀποφευγόντας in 2 Peter 2:18. Almost all interpreters hold that in this verse the same persons are the subjects as in 2 Peter 2:19; so that the ἀποφυγόντες refers to those with the description of whom the author has throughout the whole chapter been engaged. (20) L.). See on 2 Peter 2:4. The word is transcribed in miasma Entangled ( ἐμπλακέντες ), Only here and 2 Timothy 2:4. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, … After my decease: Peter seemed aware of the significance of the passing of the apostles and the need to preserve the authoritative teaching of the apostles and prophets. It is not enough to escape from sin: you must actively fill your life with good!!! 2 Peter 2:20. 2 Peter 2:20 - For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first. Pollutions - which bring "corruption" (2 Peter 2:19). The particle δέ places in antithesis either the two participles: ἀποφυγόντες and πάλιν ἐμπλακέντες, or the first participle and the finite verb ἡττῶνται; the former construction is to be preferred as the more correct. “Recognising this truth above all else” (in your reading of Scripture). A. Although at times God will surprise them with vessels specially prepared by Him. For if, having escaped the pollutions of the world in the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, but having been again entangled in these, they are overcome, the last things have become to them worse than the first. ‘by the knowledge of the Lord’-‘Knowledge’-full and correct knowledge, accurate and precise knowledge (,3,8; Hebrews 10:26). We believe that 1 Peter was his first letter to thesereaders. The knowledge that liberates, is the knowledge of Jesus Christ, which includes rules (John 14:15) that one must keep and a lifestyle that one must live. 5 And God did not spare the ancient world—except for Noah and the seven others in his family. The greeting is especially similar to those in 1 Peter and Jude. This is a very important portion to consider. Important for linguistic study of the epistles. 2 Peter 1 Commentary; 2 Peter 2 Commentary; 2 Peter 3 Commentary; EXPOSITOR'S GREEK TESTAMENT Commentary on 2 Peter R H Strachan. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein and overcome, the last state has become worse with them than the first. ‘the last state has become worse for them than the first’-‘A servant who willfully disobeys his master is far more culpable than one who disobeys through ignorance…(Luke 12:47-48).’ (Green p. 119) Jesus taught the same truth (Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26). They were by it brought into the. Ver. Miroslav Volf. 2 Pt 1:11; 2:20; 3:2, 18. him, for it may be rendered "acknowledgment"; or rather the instead of accus. Scripture teaches degrees of punishment as well as differences in rewards (cf. Advocates of once-saved-always-saved try to argue that these people were never Christians in the first place, or simply marginal Christians. Now, if afterwards they return to it again, and are intangled in their idolatry, and other gross sins, their latter end is worse than their beginning, their Christian Heathenism worse than their old Heathenism. Context: Argument of the book of Second Peter deals with false teachers in the last days. We tend to forget that while Jews and those familiar with Judaism already had a background which enabled easier understanding of Christian truth, and therefore enabled speedier conversion, out and out pagans had no such background to build on. By the way, “ L ord and Savior” in verse 2 is governed by one definite article in Greek, showing that it refers to the same person, Jesus Christ (Thomas Schreiner, The New American Commentary, 1, 2 Peter, Jude [Broadman Publishers], p. 271). Greek. Therefore, none of the statements in context to 2:20-20 are dealing with Christians except as they relate to avoiding false teachers. CHAPTER 2. 39:34), occurs only here in N.T. The problem is that such an interpretation makes Scripture contradict Scripture (cf. In the Shepherd of Hermas (I. Vis. The words translated our God and savior Jesus Christ could also be rendered “our God and the savior Jesus Christ”; cf. (Isidor. no place. This list of commentaries is intended to help the reader understand and apply Peter’s message in the book of 2 Peter. 104. The thing in view in this verse is a spiritual condition described as worse than being lost; and the only thing that answers to such a condition is that of being lost without the possibility of being saved. Defends Johannine authorship. 20.] They may profess religion, and may Know enough of religion to understand that it requires them to abandon their vicious habits, and still never be true Christians. Trickery Of Satan - The Doctrine Of Balaam Contributed by Anitha Jabastion on Jul 5, 2020 based on 1 rating | 1,294 views. Их конец был хуже начала (примеры отступничества см. 20.For if after. 2:1 But 1 there were false prophets also among the a people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. is eternal life, the beginning, pledge, and earnest of it; but a Sin will always enslave. [Note: Gangel, p874.] take the persons in view to be the dupes of the false teachers. I think it is more likely that the false teachers in view here, as in the rest of the chapter, were unsaved. Таким образом, они совершили отступничество как народ в Евр. People may outwardly reform, and escape from the open corruptions which prevail around them, or which they had themselves practiced, and still have no true grace at heart. Through a pretence of Christian liberty, they were again entangled in the vices of the heathen world. But the above word “knowledge” means full knowledge. scriptures in support of their doctrine. It is not enough to escape from sin: you must actively fill your life with good!!! phrase is Rabbinical; it is said F17. The “reasons” for this may be:(1)that they are willing now to show to others that they are no longer under the restraints by which they had professedly bound themselves; It means here that they become implicated in those vices like an animal that is entangled in a net. Verse 1. in gloomy pits of darkness, # 2:4b Some manuscripts read in chains of gloom. Author: 2 Peter 1:1 specifically states that the apostle Peter was the author of 2 Peter. We find no good reason to reject Peter’s authorship of 2 Peter. For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the They had been impressed by the lives and attitudes of Christians and had come to learn more. The bearing of the passage, however, upon that doctrine is by no means so definite and absolute. ἐν ἐπιγνώσει τοῦ κυρίου … χριστοῦ] i.e. 2 Peter 2:20-22. Compare 2 Peter 3:18. entangled. they are again entangled therein; The Christian religion is, through divine grace, of a purifying nature: ch. They are again entangled therein, and overcome; return to their old sins, yield up themselves to them, and continue in them. (Witham), 2 Peter 2:20 ‘For if after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first.’. John W. Ritenbaugh The Beatitudes, Part 6: The Pure in Heart There are exegetical commentaries, scholarly and technical commentaries, as well as commentaries that are easy to understand. 45.) ‘The word-picture is of a gladiator caught in the thrown net of his opponent.’ (Lucas/Green p. 120). Peter wants to remind (1:12) those believers who “have obtained a faith of equal standing” (1:1) of what they have been given by belief. (Leviticus 7:8, Jer. 3. They have gone into a wrong way: they have erred and strayed from the way of life, and gone over into the path which leads to death, and takes hold of hell; and this he makes out by showing it to be the way of Balaam, the son of Bosor. "Commentary on 2 Peter 2:20". Through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; They are again entangled therein, and overcome; The latter end is worse with them than the beginning, "they" refer? In terms unmistakeably recalling, if not literally repeating, our Lord’s own words in Matthew 12:45, that state of relapse is declared to be worse than their original state of paganism—worse because no longer excused by ‘ignorance’ (cf. What does 2 Peter 3:8 mean when it says a thousand years are a day? These are called μιασματα, miasmata, things that infect, pollute, and defile. 173-175, and also in my Commentary on Mark, pp. They escaped the defilements of the world in the sense that they had understood the gospel, acceptance of which liberates the sinner. The saying is our Lord’s own: see reff. 2 Peter 2:22. He threw them into hell, # 2:4a Greek Tartarus. * Knowledge: a key term in the letter (2 Pt 1:3, 8; 2:20; 3:18), perhaps used as a Christian emphasis against gnostic claims. Now, it is by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, as says St. Peter, that we escape the destructive influence of these contagious miasmata . γέγονεν αὐτοῖς … τῶν πρώτων] The same words are to be found in Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26;(81) τὰ πρῶτα: the former condition, in which they were before their conversion; τὰ ἔσχατα: their subsequent condition, into which they have come after their falling away, i.e. John H. Elliot “1 Peter.” Anchor Bible Commentary (New York: Doubleday, 2000), 94. in the pollutions of the world, in worldly lusts, which are as St. Augustine has improved on this image: "The whole world," says he, "is one great diseased man, lying extended from east to west, and from north to south; and to heal this great sick man, the almighty Physician descended from heaven." 2 Peter 3:10 "But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up." They assume that ἀποφυγόντες refers to those who are led astray, and that the latter accordingly, and not the seducers, are to be regarded as the subject of the clause. Context: Argument of the book of Second Peter deals with false teachers in the last days. Jeannine K. Brown “Silent Wives, Verbal Believers: Ethical and Hermeneutical Considerations in 1 Peter 3:1-6 and Its Context.” Word and World 24 (2004): 395-403. 2 Peter 1. The focus and core of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Peter 3:8-15a" ◄ 2 Peter 2:20 ► If indeed they have escaped the corruption of the world through the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, only to be entangled and overcome by it again, their final condition is worse than it was at first. The true point of this passage is to show that the persons referred to never were changed; that whatever external reformation might have occurred, their nature remained the same; and that when they apostatized from their outward profession, they merely acted out their nature, and showed in fact there had been no real change." Spiritual Practice of Forgiveness $ 4.99 – $ 9.99 Select options; Deity of Yeshua, The $ 4.99 – $ 9.99 Select options; ... 2 Peter 2 . See what Jesus said in Matthew 12:45and note. John 3:16; John 5:24; John 10:28-29; et al.). miasma. notional knowledge of Christ, or a profession of knowledge of through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 2Pe 2:20 The latter end is worse with them than the beginning. 2 Peter 2:20 "For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning." App-98. i. “Reformed” drunkards, if they go back to their “cups” again, become more abandoned than ever. be worse than the former, lest you be like a dog that returns to his vomit, or like a sow that is washed and wallows again in the mire. "If the allusions in 2 Peter 2:20-22 are to recent converts whom they lead astray, the description of hopelessness and ruin seems almost incredible. [Note: Albert Barnes, Barnes" Notes on the New Testament, p1454.]. 20. If men have escaped. Add to cart. They are the one where he escaped from error and the one after he went back to it; of the two the second is worse. governed and influenced by them: is worse with them than the beginning; Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. 2 Peter 2 - But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. Knowledge, [ epignoosei (Greek #1922)] - 'full knowledge.' where they are being held until the day of judgment. Search; Search for: Search for: 2 Peter 1:12-19 – Commentary on 2 Peter. (3)their old companions in sin may be at special pains to court their society, and to lead them into temptation, in order to obtain a triumph over virtue and religion. For if, having escaped (it might seem at first sight as if the ἀποφεύγοντας of 2 Peter 2:18 were meant: but on close inspection it is plain that this is not so, but that we are continuing the description of the δοῦλοι τῆς φθορᾶς, viz. The latter end is worse with them than the beginning -, For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world, through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, latter end is worse  …  than the beginning, but having again become entangled in these, they are overcome. They are again entangled therein, and overcome, their last state is worse than the first — More inexcusable, and causing a greater damnation. This, the written teaching of the apostles and their associates, is the foundation of the church (Ephesians 2:20) preserved by … Through - `IN.' 2 Peter 2:20-22. Vid. Bengel, Fronmüller, Hofmann are of a different opinion. Cf. Recently I received a question from a reader about 2 Peter 2:20-22. Now if, after all this knowledge and reformation. For if after they have escaped, &c.— For inasmuch as having escaped. Last month we considered 2 Peter 1:10-11. There have always been false prop… Bibliographical InformationBarnes, Albert. A. This includes the false teachers themselves, who had at one time escaped from sin through Jesus Christ. A Christian can fall away, in fact, Christians in positions of leadership can also fall into error (Acts 20:29-31). Peter stated this as a fact and not as a possibility; and he said they were among you, not only on the outside of the church. (See above on 2 Peter 2:1; 2 Peter 3:13; 2 Peter 3:15; and below, 2 Peter 3:5.). What Peter said of them in 2 Peter 2:20-22 seems to bear this out. What does 2 Peter 1:20 mean about interpreting Scripture? Они слышали истинное Благовестие и принимали его, но впоследствии отвергли истинного Христа. Escaped— The same word as in 2 Peter 2:18 and 2 Peter 1:4. ‘and are overcome’-These false teachers, like some Christians think that they now ‘know better’ and ‘know enough’ to go back into the world and yet not get into trouble, like they did before they became a Christian. It institutes a solemn comparison between two different conditions of the same individuals. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on 2 Peter 2020 Edition The more common view today among scholars is that Jude probably wrote before Peter (or his agent) composed 2 Peter.1 However, I tend to favor the priority of 2 Peter, as do many conservative authorities.2 "Most scholars, in fact, date 2 Peter …

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